Corfu, also called Kerkyra, is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea, located to the northwest of mainland Greece. The island is a popular holiday destination because of its many small bays with beautiful beaches and crystal clear waters, its gorgeous mountenous landscape, and its picturesque cultural heritage.

Population

Corfu has a permanent population of around 100,000 people, which comes down to around 163 people per square kilometer, making it the third most populous island in Greece. Roughly 40%, or 40,000 inhabitants live in the island’s capital city Corfu Town. Apart from the residents, the island also hosts over a million visitors every year, most of which stay during the summer months.

Geography

The island of Corfu has the size of approximately 592.9 square kilometers (146,500 acres) and its long and narrow shape looks a bit like a sickle. From north to south, the island stretches over a length of around 32 kilometers (20 miles) and its widest part is around 64 kilometers (40 miles). The entire coastline of the island spans 217 kilometers (135 miles).

The landscape of Corfu is diverse with a mountainous north, an undulating middle, and a low-lying south. The island’s highest point is at Mount Pantokrator at an altitude of 911 meters (2,989 feet).

Climate

Corfu has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, which is also called Csa in the Köppen climate classification system. This means that summers are hot and dry, and winters are mild and wet. Corfu usually sees temperatures just above 30°C in July and August, while the average maximum temperatures usually don’t get under 10°C in the winter.

Economy

The economy of Corfu is mainly based on tourism, but the second largest sector is agriculture. Corfu is a large producer of olive oil and wine, but also of citrus fruits, cheeses, and meat products.

Time Zone

Corfu uses the Eastern European Standard Time (GMT+2) and there is no time difference with the rest of Greece. Similar to the rest of Europe, daylight saving time is observed as well, which means the clock jumps one hour ahead in March, and back in October.

Language

The official language in Corfu is Greek. Many signs are however, both in Greek and English, and since the island is very touristic you won’t have any problems speaking in English in most cases.

Electricity

The electricity network in Corfu has a current of 220V and the power outlets are of the types C and F, which require the same types of plugs with 2 round pins that are standard in most European countries. If you have devices from the US, the UK, or other countries with incompatible plugs, you should either bring an adaptor or you can buy one in most supermarkets and some souvenir shops.